Data, Dynamics, and Analytics

  • Tracking progress towards malaria elimination in China: estimates of reproduction numbers and their spatiotemporal variation

    China reported zero locally-acquired malaria cases in 2017 and 2018. Understanding the spatio-temporal pattern underlying this decline, especially the relationship between locally-acquired and imported cases, can inform efforts to maintain elimination and prevent re-emergence. This is particularly pertinent in Yunnan province, where the potential for local transmission is highest. Using a geo-located individual-level dataset of…

  • Sparse Identification of Nonlinear Dynamics with Control (SINDYc)

    Identifying governing equations from data is a critical step in the modeling and control of complex dynamical systems. Here, we investigate the data-driven identification of nonlinear dynamical systems with inputs and forcing using regression methods, including sparse regression. Specifically, we generalize the sparse identification of nonlinear dynamics (SINDY) algorithm to include external inputs and feedback…

  • Sparse Sensor Placement Optimization for Classification

    Choosing a limited set of sensor locations to characterize or classify a high-dimensional system is an important challenge in engineering design. Traditionally, optimizing the sensor locations involves a brute-force, combinatorial search, which is NP-hard and is computationally intractable for even moderately large problems. Using recent advances in sparsity-promoting techniques, we present a novel algorithm to…

  • Spatiotemporal Feedback and Network Structure Drive and Encode Caenorhabditis elegans Locomotion

    Using a computational model of the Caenorhabditis elegans connectome dynamics, we show that proprioceptive feedback is necessary for sustained dynamic responses to external input. This is consistent with the lack of biophysical evidence for a central pattern generator, and recent experimental evidence that proprioception drives locomotion. The low-dimensional functional response of the Caenorhabditis elegans network…

  • (Preprint) Sub-national levels and trends in contraceptive prevalence, unmet need, and demand for family planning in Nigeria with survey uncertainty

    Ambitious global goals have been established to provide universal access to affordable modern contraceptive methods. The UN’s sustainable development goal 3.7.1 proposes satisfying the demand for family planning (FP) services by increasing the proportion of women of reproductive age using modern methods. To measure progress toward such goals in populous countries like Nigeria, it’s essential…

  • Koopman Theory for Partial Differential Equations

    We consider the application of Koopman theory to nonlinear partial differential equations. We demonstrate that the observables chosen for constructing the Koopman operator are critical for enabling an accurate approximation to the nonlinear dynamics. If such observables can be found, then the dynamic mode decomposition algorithm can be enacted to compute a finite-dimensional approximation of…

  • Model selection for dynamical systems via sparse regression and information criteria

    We develop an algorithm for model selection which allows for the consideration of a combinatorially large number of candidate models governing a dynamical system. The innovation circumvents a disadvantage of standard model selection which typically limits the number candidate models considered due to the intractability of computing information criteria. Using a recently developed sparse identification…

  • Model selection for hybrid dynamical systems via sparse regression

    Hybrid systems are traditionally difficult to identify and analyse using classical dynamical systems theory. Moreover, recently developed model identification methodologies largely focus on identifying a single set of governing equations solely from measurement data. In this article, we develop a new methodology, Hybrid-Sparse Identification of Nonlinear Dynamics, which identifies separate nonlinear dynamical regimes, employs information…

  • (Preprint) Model selection for hybrid dynamical systems via sparse regression

    Hybrid systems are traditionally difficult to identify and analyze using classical dynamical systems theory. Moreover, recently developed model identification methodologies largely focus on identifying a single set of governing equations solely from measurement data. In this article, we develop a new methodology, Hybrid-Sparse Identification of Nonlinear Dynamics (Hybrid-SINDy), which identifies separate nonlinear dynamical regimes, employs…

  • Modeling disease transmission near eradication: An equation free approach

    Although disease transmission in the near eradication regime is inherently stochastic, deterministic quantities such as the probability of eradication are of interest to policy makers and researchers. Rather than running large ensembles of discrete stochastic simulations over long intervals in time to compute these deterministic quantities, we create a data-driven and deterministic “coarse” model for…